Posted in Research

Download E-books The Impacts of Research and Development Expenditures: The Relationship Between Total Factor Productivity and U.S. Gross Domestic Product Performance (Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management) PDF

By John J. Wetter

The examine underlying this quantity used to be designed to check the idea of overall issue productiveness (TFP) in modern context. constructed by means of Nobel Prize-winning economist, Robert Solow, within the Fifties, TFP has been utilized by way of many economists to enquire the relationships between capital, exertions, and financial functionality. during this research, John Wetter offers the speculation that technological funding drives progress and function of the U.S. economic system. The research addresses 4 key questions:

1. Is there a dating among overall issue productiveness and Gross nationwide Product?
2. Is there a dating among overall issue productiveness and study & improvement expenditures?
3. Is there a dating among examine & improvement bills and Gross household Product?
4. Can the connection in examine query number one be defined via different components? Is there any power non-spuriousness (mediation) implication to the relationship?

Synthesizing the literature from comparable fields, together with macroeconomics, know-how move, and innovation, and using rigorous method, Wetter demonstrates that
Total issue productiveness is definitely relating to Gross household Product and is mediated via examine & improvement. moreover, he unearths that the lag time among R&D spending and GDP progress averages 11 years, which implies that long term making plans is vital to maximizing the advantages of R&D. Wetter considers the results for policymaking and management, together with such well timed concerns because the results of the 2009 U.S. stimulus software.

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Download E-books Self-Selection Policing: Theory, Research and Practice (Crime Prevention and Security Management) PDF

Self-Selection Policing introduces and explores an process for crime keep watch over which seeks to spot energetic, critical offenders through getting to the minor offences they dedicate. A beginning of concept and facts is first provided for the statement that ‘those who do mammoth undesirable issues additionally do little undesirable things’. unique learn provided within the booklet incorporates a learn of offending through viewers to a jail, and the concurrent illegal activity of these committing universal using offences and failure to provide riding records as required. It illustrates how self-selection can supplement different police equipment of choosing lively, critical criminals through concentrating on what offenders do instead of who they're and what they've got performed some time past. focusing on the ‘usual suspects’ within the traditional method is frequently criticised as harassment and self-selection policing principally bypasses the difficulty of equity this raises. 
The ebook concludes with a decision for the honor, improvement and wider adoption of the self-selection technique, and especially the identity of alternative universal minor offences which flag concurrent lively illegal activity. The authors make vital feedback for the development of SSP examine and perform, together with the identity of limitations to the implementation of the procedure in wider police considering, perform and coverage. sensible information is additionally supplied for these considering constructing, trying out and imposing the technique. In doing so, the publication may be of specific curiosity for policing practitioners, in addition to scholars and students of policing and crime control.

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Download E-books Protection of Human Research Subjects: A Practical Guide to Federal Laws and Regulations PDF

Rules on human matters study have developed over a 20-year interval and now offer a proper set of necessities for the behavior of federally subsidized stories. through the years, executive rules, like taboos in primitive societies, strengthen a lifetime of their very own, probably dissociated from their origins and justifica­ tions. whilst the investigator suffers the burdens of attempting to agree to com­ plex principles, it's easy for her or him to lapse right into a frustration that may be eased through being educated or reminded of why the principles have been created within the first position and what they have been designed to complete. Dennis Maloney's paintings presents a convenient old list of the strategies during which the laws have been created and transformed. He additionally recounts his personal adventure with study at Boys city and offers directions on how one can focus on the approach. it's tough to discover in a single position the present prestige and acceptable citations for rules in addition to the contacts and information to acquire additional information at the topic. during this recognize, via offering a heritage and advisor to interpretation and compliance, "Protection of Human topics" is a reference of significance and application to the investigator stepping into or operating within the box of biomedical or behavioral learn regarding human topics.

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Download E-books Operations Research Proceedings 2013: Selected Papers of the International Conference on Operations Research, OR2013, organized by the German Operations Research Society (GOR), the Dutch Society of Operations Research (NGB) and Erasmus University Rotterda PDF

By Dennis Huisman, Ilse Louwerse, Albert P.M. Wagelmans (eds.)

This publication features a number of refereed papers provided on the “International convention on Operations examine (OR 2013)” which happened at Erasmus college Rotterdam September 3-6, 2013. The convention was once together equipped by means of the German and the Dutch OR Society. greater than 800 scientists and scholars from over 50 nations attended OR 2013 and awarded greater than six hundred papers in parallel topical streams, in addition to certain award classes. The subject matter of the convention and its court cases is "Impact on humans, company and Society".

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Download E-books Bringing Reading Research to Life PDF

This e-book brings jointly a few of the world’s best literacy students to debate how examine affects what lecturers truly do within the lecture room. Chapters describe the present country of data approximately such key themes as interpreting, vocabulary, comprehension, electronic literacies, examining disabilities, and interpreting reform. even as, the authors provide a special “inside view” in their personal study careers: key own affects, how their learn agendas took form, and what they see because the most vital questions presently dealing with the sphere. The e-book honors the contributions of Isabel Beck, who has completed large luck in translating examine into conventional educational practices.

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Download E-books Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 13th International Conference, CARDIS 2014, Paris, France, November 5-7, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (Lecture Notes in Computer Science) PDF

This ebook constitutes the completely refereed post-conference complaints of the thirteenth foreign convention on shrewdpermanent Card examine and complex purposes, CARDIS 2014, held in Paris, France, in November 2014. The 15 revised complete papers provided during this e-book have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from fifty six submissions. The papers are prepared in topical sections on Java playing cards; software program countermeasures; side-channel research; embedded implementations; public-key cryptography and leakage and fault assaults.

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Download E-books Estuarine Water Quality Management: Monitoring, Modelling and Research PDF

By Neil S. Grigg (auth.), W. Michaelis (eds.)

All over the area, the attention of the expanding toxins of rivers, estuaries and the ocean with its linked influence on those ecosystems, its influence on organisms, food-chains, water provide and at last on guy himself is turning out to be. Estuaries shape a hyperlink among the limnetic and marine environments, characterised by means of various complicated tactics. almost all these phenomena aren't but sufficiently understood, making effective water caliber administration a tricky job. the amount has major targets: to give the most recent details on present estuarine learn and to intricate basics and standards for planners and decision-makers in water caliber management.

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Download E-books Cross-National Longitudinal Research on Human Development and Criminal Behavior PDF

By Terrie E. Moffitt (auth.), Elmar G. M. Weitekamp, Hans-Jürgen Kerner (eds.)

Background In July of 1992, nearly sixty students and researchers met for every week on the "Fritz Erler Akademie" in Freudenstadt, Germany, to take part in a workshop entitled "Cross-National Lon­ gitudinal examine on Human improvement and felony Behavior". The members represented 15 international locations and forty five universities and examine facilities. even though longitudinal learn in criminology has a protracted heritage, this workshop represented the 1st one within the box of criminology within which it used to be tried to celebration the most students during this box from worldwide. the biggest team of the workshop represented American students (19), a mirrored image of the truth that longitudi­ nal examine in criminology is predominantly performed in North the United States. This quantity is the results of the workshop approach and particularly of the invites to members to organize pre­ or convention papers. The chapters during this quantity have been chosen from a bigger set of pre- or convention papers. As workshop conveners and quantity editors, it falls to us to set a number of the context for this input­ prise. Longitudinal learn in criminology grew to become an immense strategy after the e-book of the land­ mark examine by way of Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin "Delinquency in a beginning Cohort" in 1972. round the related time, while Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin began their Philadelphia cohort research, have been longi­ tudinal reports, even supposing assorted in scope and goal, introduced via Shannon within the united states, West in England, Janson in Sweden, and Goppinger in Germany.

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Download E-books Acting Lessons for Teachers: Using Performance Skills in the Classroom, 2nd Edition PDF

By Robert T. Tauber

Acting classes for Teachers offers an excellent theoretical starting place for the pedagogical advantages of enthusiastic instructing. easily positioned, scholars are extra engaged, misbehave much less, and study larger from lecturers who educate enthusiastically. A teacher's enthusiasm for their material could be contagious. because the dynamic of the school room is identical to that of the degree when it comes to speaker-listener relationships, the performing craft bargains lecturers a version for the talents and methods which may be included of their paintings to show extra enthusiasm for the cloth and for the students.

This booklet offers concrete descriptions of the explicit appearing techniques that might profit the instructor: actual and vocal animation, instructor role-playing, strategic entrances and exits, humor, props, suspense and shock, and artistic use of house. specified realization is given to the capability good thing about educational expertise as a modern day prop. ideas are defined by way of their value and straightforwardness of incorporation into the study room. each one is proposed as a ability that may be realized via any lecturers who've the need to brighten up their instructing. scholar descriptions in their personal event with lecturers' use of performing innovations upload genuine examples for every lesson. eventually, testimony of award-winning lecture room lecturers from numerous disciplines and age degrees presents facts of the large and simple applicability of those strategies.

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